• 07.08.2020  Industrial excess heat for district heating: Database shows great potential for supplying households

    Excess heat from energy-intensive industries is often suitable for use in district heating systems but is usually unutilized. A detailed overview of the potentials available in the EU is now provided by a database of the sEEnergies project. In Germany, 29 petajoules of excess heat from industrial sites could be used, which corresponds to the demand of more than half a million households. The information is available as maps and downloadable datasets.


 Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research (ISI)


Institute for Resource Efficiency and Energy Strategies


      TEP Energy GMBH


Research papers, conference proceedings and working papers



  • Globisch, J.; Kühnbach, M.; Dütschke, E.; Bekk, A. (2020): The stranger in theGerman energy system? How energy system requirements misalign with household preferences for flexible heat pumps. In Energy Research & Social Science 67, p. 101604. DOI: 10.1016/j.erss.2020.101604.


  • Kühnbach, M.; Stute, J.; Klobasa, M. (2019): Does demand response make it worse? Impacts of avalanche effects of price-optimized vehicle charging on the electricity system. In : 4th AIEE Energy Symposium "Current and future challenges to energy security". LUMSA University Rome, 10-12 December, 2019. Associazione Italiana Economisti dell'Energia -AIEE-, Roma; International Association for Energy Economics -IAEE-, Paris. Rome, pp. 294–312. Available online at



  • Klingler, A.-L.; Gnann, T.; Michaelis, J. (2017): The impact of charging infrastructure on the load shift potential of electric vehicles; Presented at IAEE Conference; 03-06 September, 2017; Vienna, Austria.




  • Braungardt, S.; Elsland, R.; Dehler, J.: Modelling the effect of the Ecodesign and Labelling directives – Bottom-up analysis of EU-27 residential electricity use, International Energy Policy & Programme Evaluation Conference, Berlin, 2014.

  • Elsland, R.; Peksen, I.; Wietschel, M.: Are internal heat gains underestimated in thermal performance evaluation of buildings?, Energy Procedia, Karlsruhe, 2014.
  • Elsland, R.; Bradke, H.; Wietschel, M.: A European impact assessment of the Eco-Design requirements for heating systems – What kind of savings can we expect?, Energy Procedia, Karlsruhe, 2014.

  • Elsland, R.; Divrak, C.; Fleiter, T.; Wietschel, M.: Turkey’s strategic energy efficiency plan – an ex ante impact assessment of the residential sector, Energy Policy, Karlsruhe, 2014.

  • Elsland, R.; Bradke, H., Wietschel, M.: Analysing the impact of Eco-Design requirements on heating systems – A European case study, 9th Conference on Energy Economics and Technology (ENERDAY), Dresden, 2014.

  • Herbst, A.; Fleiter, T.; Jochem, E.: Modelling recycling and material efficiency trends in the European steel industry. Conference Contribution and Presentation. ECEEE industrial summer study. Arnhem, The Netherlands, 2014.

  • Herbst, A., Biere, D., Fleiter, T., Jochem, E., Schade, W., Krail, M., and Kühn, A.: Coupling of ASTRA and Forecast Industry: A case study for the basic metals industry , ESA2 Short Report, Fraunhofer ISI Karlsruhe, Germany, 2014.

  • Jakob, M.; Kallio, S.; Boßmann, T.: Generating electricity demand-side load profiles of the tertiary sector for selected European countries, 8th International Conference Improving Energy Efficiency in Commercial Buildings (IEECB’14) , Frankfurt, 2014.


  • Batas Bjelic, I.; Rajakovic, N.; Elsland, R., Eichhammer, R. (2013): Improvements of Serbian-NEEAP based on analysis of residential energy demand until 2030, 8. Internationale Energiewirtschaftstagung an der TU Wien (IEWT 2013), Wien.

  • Boßmann, T.; Pfluger, B.; Wietschel, M.: The shape matters! How structural changes in the electricity load curve affect optimal investments in generation capacity , 10th International Conference on the European Energy Market (EEM13), Stockholm, 2013.

  • Boßmann, T.; Elsland, R.; Lickert, F.; Wietschel, M.: The German load curve in 2050: structural changes through energy efficiency measures and their impacts on the electricity supply side, Summer study on energy efficiency (ECEEE 2013), Hyères, 2013.

  • Boßmann, T.; Elsland, R.; Lickert, F.; Wietschel, M.: The German electricity demand in the year 2050: Structural changes in the load curve and their impact on the supply side, 8. Internationale Energiewirtschaftstagung an der TU Wien (IEWT 2013), Wien, 2013.

  • Boßmann, T.; Elsland, R.; Eichhammer, W.; Bradke, H.: Energy Savings Potentials and Technologies in the Industrial Sector: Europe as an Example, in: Stolten, Detlef (Ed.), Scherer, Viktor (Ed.): Transition to Renewable Energy Systems, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 913-936, 2013.

  • Elsland, R.; Divrak, C.; Fleiter, T.; Wietschel, M. (2013a): The Turkish energy efficiency strategy - ex-ante assessment for the residential sector: 7th International Conference on Energy Efficiency in Domestic Appliances and Lighting (EEDAL), Coimbra.

  • Elsland, R.; Schlomann, B.; Eichhammer, W. (2013b): Is enough electricity being saved?   Impact of energy efficiency policies addressing electrical household appliances in Germany until 2030: eceee summer study 2013, June 3-8, Presquíle de Giens.

  • Elsland, R., Wietschel, M. (2013): Long-term energy demand modelling – Analyzing the impact of myopic technological knowledge, Helmholtz Association – Alliance ENERGY-TRANS, Conference on Energy Systems in Transition: Inter- and Transdisciplinary Contributions, Karlsruhe.

  • Elsland, R.; Divrak, C.; Fleiter, T., Wietschel, M. (2013): Türkiye Enerji Verimliliği Strateji Belgesinin Analizi - Konut Sektörünün Geleceğe Yönelik Değerlendirmesi, Enerji ve Çevre Dünyası (Turkish Energy&Environment Magazine), Teknik Sektör Yayıncılığı A.Ş. (Editor), Issue 104,p. 53-60.

  • Elsland, R.; Fisel, J.; Harter, C., Wietschel, M. (2013): Consideration of myopic technological knowledge in long-term energy demand modelling, in: Mannheim Energy Conference 2013, Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW) and Mannheim Centre for Competition and Innovation (MaCCI), Mannheim.

  • Elsland, R.; Boßmann, T.; Peksen, I.; Wietschel, M. (2013): Auswirkungen von Nutzerverhalten und Klimawandel auf den Heizwärmebedarf im europäischen Haushaltssektor bis 2050, 8. Internationale Energiewirtschaftstagung an der TU Wien (IEWT 2013), Wien.

  • Elsland, R.; Boßmann, T.; Hartel, R.; Gnann, T.; Fichtner, W.; Wietschel, M. (2013): Die Haushalte im Zeichen der Energiewende: Entwicklung der Stromnachfrage und Lastprofile, et-Energiewirtschaftliche Tagesfragen, Ausgabe 1-2, Essen.

  • Fleiter, T.; Schlomann, B.; Eichhammer, W. (eds.) (2013): Energieverbrauch und CO2 Emissionen industrieller Prozesstechniken - Einsparpotenziale, Hemmnisse und Instrumente. Stuttgart: Fraunhofer Verlag.

  • Fleiter, T. (2013): Der deutsche Policy-Mix zur Steigerung der Energieeffizienz in Unternehmen - Eine modellbasierte ex-ante Untersuchung: 8. IEWT an der TU Wien, 13-15. Februar. 
  • Herbst, A.; Fleiter, T.; Jochem, E. (2013): Mutually linking bottom-up energy demand models with macroeconomic models: Dealing with inter- and intra-sectoral structural change. IAEE International Conference Contribution and Presentation. Dague, South Korea.

  • Jakob, M.; Catenazzi, G.; Fleiter, T. (2013): Ex-ante estimation of the EU Ecodesign Directive's impact on the long-term electricity demand of the tertiary sector: eceee summer study 2013, June 3-8, Presquíle de Giens.


  • Elsland, R.; Boßmann, T.; Wietschel, M. (2012): Analysis of the European residential building stock until 2050 - Contribution of an energy-efficient building envelope to reduce space heating demand, 1st KIC InnoEnergy Scientist Conference, Leuven.

  • Elsland, R.; Boßmann, T.; Hartel, R.; Gnann, T.; Genoese, M.; Wietschel, M. (2012): Analysis of structural changes of the load profiles of the German residential sector due to decentralized electricity generation and e-mobility, in: Håkansson et al. (Eds.): Sustainability in Energy and Buildings, Smart innovations, systems and technologies, Vol. 32, Springer, 71-84, Stockholm.

  • Elsland, R.; Boßmann, T.; Wietschel, M. (2012): Technologiebasierte Analyse der Stromnachfrage im deutschen Haushaltssektor bis 2050, 12. Symposium Energieinnovation (EnInnov2012), Graz.

  • Herbst, A.; Toro, F. A.; Reitze, F.; Jochem, E. (2012): Introduction to Energy Systems Modelling. Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 148 (2), 111–135. Abstract online available: 

  • Herbst, A.; Toro, F.; Reitze, F.; Jochem, E. (2012): Bridging macroeconomic and bottom up energy models – the case of efficiency in industry, Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Industry (ECEEE 2012), Proceedings, Arnhem, Netherlands.

  • Fleiter, T.; Fehrenbach, D.; Worrell, E.; Eichhammer, W. (2012): Energy efficiency in the German pulp and paper industry - A model-based assessment of saving potentials. Energy, 40 ( 1 ), pp. 84-99.

  • Jakob, M.; Fleiter, T.; Catenazzi, G.; Hirzel, S.; Reitze, F.; Toro, F. (2012): The impact of policy measures on the electricity demand of the tertiary sector of the European Union: An analysis with the bottom-up model FORECAST, Konferenzband der IEECB 18-19.04.2012, Frankfurt.


  • Fleiter, T.; Schlomann, B.; Hirzel, S.; Arens, M.; Hassan, A.; Idrissova, F.; Reitze, F.; Toro, F.A.; Rohde, C.; Eichhammer, W.; Cebulla, F.; Jochem, E. (2011a): Where are the promising energy-efficient technologies? A comprehensive analysis of the German energy-intensive industries : eceee summer study 2011, June 6-11, Presquíle de Giens.

  • Fleiter, T.; Hirzel, S.; Jakob, M.; Barth, J.; Quandt, L.; Reitze, F.; Toro, F. (2010): Electricity demand in the European service sector: a detailed bottom-up estimate by sector and by end-use, Konferenzband der IEECB 13-14.04.2010, Frankfurt.

  • Schlomann, B.; Fleiter, T.; Hansen, P.; Horn, M.; Matthes, F.-C.; Gores, S. (2011):

  • Wietschel, M., Fleiter, T., & Hirzel, S. (2011). Modellierung der Energienachfrage - der wesentliche Baustein für zukünftige Energieszenarien. Energieszenarien. Konstruktion, Bewertung und Wirkung-„Anbieter “und „Nachfrager “im Dialog. S, 41-51.

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